An Electronic Ticket Machine (ETM) is a self-service machine that allows customers to purchase tickets for public transportation, such as buses, trains, or subways. The machine typically includes the following components:
- Touchscreen display: This is the user interface that customers use to navigate the system and make their selections.
- Ticket printer: This is the device that prints the tickets for customers to use.
- Payment system: This is the component that accepts payment from customers, such as cash, credit/debit card, or contactless payments.
- Database: This is the system that stores information about the available tickets and their prices, as well as data on customer transactions.
- Network connection: The ETM is connected to the internet to communicate with the backend system.
- Security features: The machine includes security features such as biometrics, card reader, pin, or QR code reader to prevent fraudulent activities.
The ETM system is designed to be user-friendly and easy to use, allowing customers to purchase their tickets quickly and efficiently. The machine can be programmed to offer a variety of ticket options and prices, such as single journey, return, or multi-day tickets, and can also offer discounts for students or senior citizens.
An ETM system can also be integrated with other systems such as smart card ticketing, and can provide real-time data on ticket sales and passenger numbers, allowing transport operators to better manage their services.
The project Electronic Ticket Machine is completed, satisfying the required design specifications. The system provides a user-friendly interface. The software is developed with modular approach. All modules in the system have been tested with valid data and invalid data and everything work successfully. Thus the system has fulfilled all the objectives identified and is able to replace the existing system. The constraints are met and overcome successfully. The system is designed as like it was decided in the design phase. This software has a user-friendly screen that enables the user to use without any inconvenience. The ticket machines would end the use of the hefty 1.5-kg ticket racks carried by conductors. Instead, the conductor would just have to key in the details about the fare stage and the ticket machine would print out the ticket. The machine weighs only 800 grams and is convenient to carry. The parameters are almost like that of a railway ticket, the only difference being that the machine is portable. It would also help in providing adequate data to the corporation, particularly with regard to the boarding of passengers from fare stages and important points. This would help the corporation prepare and organize its schedules more efficiently on the basis of traffic demand. Besides, it would provide data on concessions given to various sections. Another additional feature is that the data in the ticket machine could be fed into the computer.
The application has been tested with live data and has provided a successful result. Hence the software has proved to work efficiently.
This project is modularized as the following:
- Management of Route
- Trip Details
- Bus Details
- Bus Stops
- Bus Ticketing